Articles   |    
The Effect of Surgery for Rotator Cuff Disease on General Health Status Results of a Prospective Trial*
Michael D. McKee, M.D., F.R.C.S.(C)†; Daniel J. Yoo, B.Sc.†
View Disclosures and Other Information
Investigation performed at the Division of Orthopaedics, Department of Surgery, Upper Extremity Reconstructive Service, St. Michael's Hospital and the University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
*No benefits in any form have been received or will be received from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article. No funds were received in support of this study.
†Division of Orthopaedics, Department of Surgery, Upper Extremity Reconstructive Service, St. Michael's Hospital and the University of Toronto, 55 Queen Street East, Suite 800, Toronto, Ontario M5C 1R6, Canada. E-mail address for M. D. McKee: mckee@the-wire.com.

J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2000 Jul 01;82(7):970-970
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case


Background: Previous studies of the effect of rotator cuff surgery have concentrated on limb-specific or surgeon-based outcome criteria. We conducted a prospective trial to determine the effect of surgery for rotator cuff disease on general health status.

Methods: Seventy-one patients (fifty of whom were men and twenty-one of whom were women) with a mean age of 56.1 years were enrolled in the study. In addition to routine clinical and radiographic evaluation, all patients completed the Short Form-36 (SF-36) health-status questionnaire and five limb-specific questionnaires preoperatively and at six, twelve, eighteen, and twenty-four months postoperatively. All patients had a standard open acromioplasty and resection of the subacromial bursa. Thirty-one patients had repair of an associated rotator cuff tear. Sixty-seven patients (94 percent) completed the study; the remaining four patients were lost to follow-up.

Results: The preoperative SF-36 scores for physical function (60.6, p = 0.02), role function-physical (20.8, p = 0.001), pain (38.6, p = 0.003), physical component summary (37.0, p = 0.001), and mental component summary (45.6, p = 0.02) were significantly decreased compared with normative data. The preoperative limb-specific scores also were low. At the time of the most recent follow-up evaluation, there was improvement that approached or reached significance both in the limb-specific scores (p £ 0.0026) and in the general-health-status scores for pain (p = 0.0001), role function-physical (p = 0.06), vitality (p = 0.01), and physical component summary (p = 0.01). The presence of a rotator cuff tear had a significant negative effect on limb-specific scores both preoperatively (p = 0.04) and postoperatively (p = 0.05). Although operative treatment of rotator cuff disease led to improved scores, patients who had filed a Workers' Compensation claim had lower limb-specific and SF-36 scores both preoperatively (p = 0.02 and p = 0.01, respectively) and postoperatively (p = 0.01 and p = 0.005, respectively).

Conclusions: Surgery for chronic rotator cuff disease reliably and significantly improves general health status.

Figures in this Article
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org


    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe

    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    Connecticut - Yale University School of Medicine
    Oregon - The Center - Orthopedic and Neurosurgical Care and Research
    Illinois - Hinsdale Orthopaedics