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Management of Chronic Deep Infection Following Rotator Cuff Repair*
Raffy Mirzayan, M.D.†; John M. Itamura, M.D.†; Thomas VangsnessJr., M.D.†; Paul D. Holtom, M.D.†; Randy Sherman, M.D.†; Michael J. Patzakis, M.D.†
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Investigation performed at the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Southern California School of Medicine, University Hospital, Los Angeles, California
*No benefits in any form have been received or will be received from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article. No funds were received in support of this study.
†Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Southern California School of Medicine, 1200 North State Street, GNH 3900, Los Angeles, California 90033.

J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2000 Aug 01;82(8):1115-1115
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Background: Deep infection of the shoulder following rotator cuff repair is uncommon. There are few reports in the literature regarding the management of such infections.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of thirteen patients and recorded the demographic data, clinical and laboratory findings, risk factors, bacteriological findings, and results of surgical management.

Results: The average age of the patients was 63.7 years. The interval between the rotator cuff repair and the referral because of infection averaged 9.7 months. An average of 2.4 procedures were performed prior to referral because of infection, and an average of 2.1 procedures were performed at our institution. All patients had pain on presentation, and most had a restricted range of motion. Most patients were afebrile and did not have an elevated white blood-cell count but did have an elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate. The most common organisms were Staphylococcus epidermidis,Staphylococcus aureus, and Propionibacterium species. At an average of 3.1 years, all patients were free of infection. Using the Simple Shoulder Test, eight patients stated that the shoulder was comfortable with the arm at rest by the side, they could sleep comfortably, and they were able to perform activities below shoulder level. However, most patients had poor overhead function.

Conclusions: Extensive soft-tissue loss or destruction is associated with a worse prognosis. Extensive d衲idement, often combined with a muscle transfer, and administration of the appropriate antibiotics controlled the infection, although most patients were left with a substantial deficit in overhead function of the shoulder.

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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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