0
Articles   |    
Atraumatic Osteonecrosis of the Knee*
Michael A. Mont, M.D.; Keith M. Baumgarten, M.D.; Aiman RifaI, D.O.; David A. Bluemke, M.D.Ph.D.; Lynne C. Jones, Ph.D.; David S. Hungerford, M.D.
View Disclosures and Other Information
Investigation performed at the Division of Arthritis Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland
*No benefits in any form have been received or will be received from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article. No funds were received in support of this study.
Division of Arthritis Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, The Good Samaritan Hospital, Professional Office Building, G-1, 5601 Loch Raven Boulevard, Baltimore, Maryland 21239. E-mail address for M. A. Mont: rhondamont@aol.com.

J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2000 Sep 01;82(9):1279-1279
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case

Abstract

Background: The purposes of this study were to define the clinical, demographic, and radiographic patterns of atraumatic osteonecrosis of the distal part of the femur and the proximal part of the tibia at presentation and to report the outcome of treatment of this condition.

Methods: Two hundred and forty-eight knees in 136 patients who were younger than the age of fifty-five years were treated at our institution between July 1, 1974, and September 15, 1998, for atraumatic osteonecrosis of the distal part of the femur or the proximal part of the tibia, or both. Demographic and radiographic features were characterized. The results of nonoperative treatment, core decompression, arthroscopic dǢridement, and total knee arthroplasty were evaluated.

Results: There were 106 female patients and thirty male patients, and their mean age was thirty-six years (range, fifteen to fifty-four years) at the time of diagnosis. One hundred and one patients (74 percent) had involvement of other large joints, with eighteen (13 percent) presenting initially with knee symptoms. One hundred and one patients (74 percent) had a disease that affected the immune system; sixty-seven of them had systemic lupus erythematosus. One hundred and twenty-three patients (90 percent) had a history of corticosteroid use. Technetium-99m bone-scanning missed lesions in sixteen (29 percent) of fifty-six knees. Eight (20 percent) of forty-one initially symptomatic knees treated nonoperatively had a successful clinical outcome (a Knee Society score of at least 80 points and no additional surgery) at a mean of eight years. The knees that remained severely symptomatic for three months were treated with either core decompression (ninety-one knees) or total knee arthroplasty (seven knees). Seventy-two (79 percent) of the ninety-one knees treated with core decompression had a good or excellent clinical outcome at a mean of seven years. Efforts to avoid total knee arthroplasty with repeat core decompression or arthroscopic dǢridement led to a successful outcome in fifteen (60 percent) of twenty-five knees. Thirty-four (71 percent) of forty-eight knees treated with total knee arthroplasty had a successful clinical outcome at a mean of nine years.

Conclusions: Atraumatic osteonecrosis of the knee predominantly affects women, and in our study it was associated with corticosteroid use in 90 percent of the patients. Evaluation should include standard radiographic and magnetic resonance imaging of all symptomatic joints. Prognosis was negatively related to large juxta-articular lesions. Nonoperative treatment should be reserved for asymptomatic knees only. Core decompression was successful (a Knee Society score of at least 80 points and no additional surgery) in 79 percent of the knees in which the disease was in an early stage. Total knee arthroplasty was successful in only 71 percent of the knees.

Figures in this Article
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

     
    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org

    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe





    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    03/19/2014
    Virginia - VIRGINIA COMMONWEALTH UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER
    01/08/2014
    Pennsylvania - Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
    04/16/2014
    Georgia - Choice Care Occupational Medicine & Orthopaedics
    02/05/2014
    Oregon - The Center - Orthopedic and Neurosurgical Care and Research