R. C. is an orthopaedic resident in a teaching program. At
the orthopaedic clinic, he examines an elderly, otherwise healthy
patient who requires a total hip replacement. He presents the patient
to his covering attending physician, who agrees to supervise the
joint replacement surgery. The resident discusses the surgery with
the patient. The procedure, risks, goals, benefits, and alternatives
are presented. The patient agrees to proceed with the surgery.