0
Scientific Article   |    
Thirty-Day Mortality After Elective Total Hip Arthroplasty
Javad Parvizi, MD, FRCS; Blake G. Johnson, MD; Charles Rowland, MS; Mark H. Ereth, MD; David G. Lewallen, MD
View Disclosures and Other Information
Investigation performed at the Departments of Orthopedics and Anesthesiology and the Section of Biostatistics, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota
Javad Parvizi, MD, FRCS
Blake G. Johnson, MD
Charles Rowland, MS
Mark H. Ereth, MD
David G. Lewallen, MD
Departments of Orthopedics (J.P., B.G.J., and D.G.L.) and Anesthesiology (M.H.E.) and Section of Biostatistics (C.R.), Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, 200 First Street S.W., Rochester, MN 55905. E-mail address for D.G. Lewallen: lewallen.david@mayo.edu

No benefits in any form have been received or will be received from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article. No funds were received in support of this study.

J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2001 Oct 01;83(10):1524-1528
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case

Abstract

Background: Previous reports on perioperative mortality associated with hip arthroplasty have not documented, to our knowledge, patient characteristics and surgical factors that increase the likelihood of death. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of and associated risk factors for perioperative death after elective hip arthroplasty.

Methods: The records of 30,714 consecutive patients who had undergone elective hip arthroplasty at our institution from 1969 to 1997 were retrospectively reviewed to identify patients who had died within thirty days after the procedure. Mortality rates were determined according to age, gender, diagnosis, implant type, and fixation mode.

Results: Ninety deaths occurred within thirty days after elective total hip arthroplasty, for an overall mortality rate of 0.29% (ninety of 30,714). The thirty-day mortality rate was significantly higher for patients with preexisting cardiovascular disease (p < 0.0001), male patients (p < 0.0001), and patients who were seventy years of age or older (p < 0.0002). The mortality rate was slightly, but not significantly, higher for patients with an underlying diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis (p < 0.36) and those receiving cemented implants (p < 0.57). There was no difference in the thirty-day mortality rate for revision as compared with primary hip arthroplasty (p < 0.92).

Conclusions: Factors that are associated with an increased risk of mortality within thirty days after elective hip arthroplasty include an older age, male gender, and a history of cardiorespiratory disease. There has been a significant decline in the thirty-day mortality rate after elective hip arthroplasty in the last decade (p < 0.0002); during the 1990s, the overall rate at our institution was 0.15% (twenty-three of 14,989).

Figures in this Article
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

     
    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org

    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe





    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Hip
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    11/15/2013
    Louisiana - Ochsner Health System
    01/08/2014
    Pennsylvania - Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center