0
Articles   |    
Primary Cementless Total Hip Arthroplasty in Octogenarians Two to Eleven-Year Follow-up
Kjell S. Keisu, MD; Fabio Orozco, MD; Peter F. Sharkey, MD; William J. Hozack, MD; Richard H. Rothman, MD, PhD
View Disclosures and Other Information
Investigation performed at the Rothman Institute, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Kjell S. Keisu, MD Fabio Orozco, MD Peter F. Sharkey, MD William J. Hozack, MD Richard H. Rothman, MD, PhD Rothman Institute, 925 Chestnut Street, 5th Floor, Philadelphia, PA 19107-4216
Although none of the authors has received or will receive benefits for personal or professional use from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article, benefits have been or will be received but are directed solely to a research fund, foundation, educational institution, or other nonprofit organization with which one or more of the authors is associated. Funds were received in total or partial support of the research or clinical study presented in this article. The funding source was Biomet, Incorporated.

J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2001 Mar 01;83(3):359-359
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case

Abstract

Background: Cementless total hip arthroplasty is an accepted alternative to total hip arthroplasty with cement in younger patients, but it remains controversial for elderly patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of cementless total hip arthroplasty with use of a proximally coated stem in patients who were at least eighty years of age at the time of the operation.

Methods: One hundred and twenty-three cementless total hip replacements were performed for the treatment of osteoarthritis in 114 patients between the ages of eighty and eighty-nine years. Seven patients (eight hips) died within two years after the surgery, seventeen patients (eighteen hips) died more than two years postoperatively but were not followed for at least two years, and five hips were lost to follow-up; this left ninety-two hips in eighty-six patients for review. The mean duration of follow-up was five years (range, two to eleven years). For the clinical evaluation, the Charnley modification of the Merle d’Aubigné and Postel scale was used. In addition, preoperative and postoperative Harris hip scores were available for sixty-nine hips. Seventy-eight hips were followed radiographically for two years or more. The focus of the radiographic evaluation was the status of the fixation of the femoral and acetabular components as well as cup wear.

Results: Perioperative medical complications occurred in association with 24% (thirty) of the 123 operations, but there were no deaths. The mean Charnley scores for pain and function for the ninety-two hips that were followed clinically for at least two years improved by 3.0 and 1.4 points, respectively. The sixty-nine hips for which preoperative and postoperative Harris hip scores were available had a mean improvement of 42 points, with a mean score of 82 points at the last follow-up evaluation. Mild thigh pain was present in four patients, but it did not limit their activity. There were no femoral component revisions. All of the femoral components were radiographically stable and had bone ingrowth. No acetabular component failed by loosening, but 41% (thirty) of the seventy-three hips with radiographs available for measurement of wear showed polyethylene wear. Of the seventy-eight cups that were followed radiographically for two years or more, 4% (three) were associated with lysis, but none had been revised.

Conclusions: Cementless fixation in the elderly is safe, effective, and durable at the time of two to eleven-year follow-up.

Figures in this Article
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

     
    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org

    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe





    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Hip
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    05/03/2012
    California - UCLA/OH Department of Orthopaedic Surgery
    03/19/2014
    Massachusetts - The University of Massachusetts Medical School
    01/22/2014
    Pennsylvania - Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center