As we enter the new millennium, peer-reviewed publications
face a number of important issues. These include the rising cost
and decreased rate of subscriptions for traditional print journals.
Importantly, the development of the Internet has created additional
challenges and potential. The Internet can markedly improve the
efficiency and content of scientific presentations. Papers can be
published more quickly and can include a variety of supplementary
material, including videos and original data. Links can be created
to other sites, enhancing the presentation and developing the contextual
importance of the work. However, there are a number of challenges
to be faced in the transition to Internet publishing. Among these
challenges are the public perceptions and expectations regarding
the transfer of information on the Internet. There is the perception
that information should be free. However, there are costs associated
with the peer-review process and with the infrastructure of computer
and customer support that are necessary in electronic publishing.