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Allogeneic Cancellous Bone Graft and a Burch-Schneider Ring for Acetabular Reconstruction in Revision Hip Arthroplasty
E. Winter, MD, PhD; M. Piert, MD, PhD; R. Volkmann, MD; F. Maurer, MD, PhD; C. Eingartner, MD; K. Weise, MD, Prof; S. Weller, MD, Prof
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Investigation performed at Berufsgenossenschaftliche Unfallklinik, Trauma Center, University of Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany
E. Winter, MD, PhD
R. Volkmann, MD
F. Maurer, MD, PhD
C. Eingartner, MD
K. Weise, MD, Prof
S. Weller, MD, Prof
Berufsgenossenschaftliche Unfallklinik, Trauma Center, University of Tuebingen, Schnarrenbergstrasse 95, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany

M. Piert, MD, PhD
Department of General Surgery, University of Tuebingen, Hoppe-Seyler Strasse 3, 72076 Tuebingen, Germany

No benefits in any form have been received or will be received from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article. No funds were received in support of this study.

J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2001 Jun 01;83(6):862-867
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Abstract

Background: There is an ever-increasing number of failed hip arthroplasties associated with massive deficiency of acetabular bone stock consisting of a segmental or cavitary defect. This study was undertaken to evaluate the long-term results after use of morselized cryopreserved allogeneic bone graft and an antiprotrusio cage to treat such a deficiency.

Methods: From January 1, 1988, to January 1, 1994, forty-one patients (forty-one hips) with an acetabular defect classified as type III or IV according to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons system were operated on with use of a Burch-Schneider ring and morselized cryopreserved allogeneic cancellous bone graft. Thirty-eight patients (thirty-eight hips) were available for clinical and radiographic follow-up examinations at an average of 7.3 years (range, 4.2 to 9.4 years) after surgery.

Results: All measured clinical parameters had improved significantly by the time of the follow-up examination (p < 0.0001). Radiographs confirmed that none of the thirty-eight hips had any measurable migration or displacement of the acetabular component and that osseous consolidation occurred only within the grafted area in all patients.

Conclusion: Acetabular reconstruction with use of morselized cryopreserved allogeneic cancellous bone graft and the Burch-Schneider ring can be highly successful in managing massive acetabular deficiencies in revision hip arthroplasty.

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    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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