In the last twenty years, spine surgery as a
subspecialty of orthopaedic surgery has enjoyed an explosion of
interest. In 1981, fewer than fifteen spine fellowships were available.
By 2000, more than 200 post-residency opportunities were
available for training related to the spine. Four spine societies
are members of the Council of Musculoskeletal Specialty Societies,
which reports to the board of directors of the American Academy
of Orthopaedic Surgeons. These four societies—the American
Spinal Injury Association, the Cervical Spine Research Society,
the North American Spine Society, and the Scoliosis Research Society—also form
the Federation of Spine Associations, which is charged with coordinating
the spine program for Specialty Day at the annual meeting of the
American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons.