0
Scientific Articles   |    
Total Knee Arthroplasty in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis
Javad Parvizi, MD, FRCS; Gavan P. Duffy, MD; Robert T. Trousdale, MD
View Disclosures and Other Information
Investigation performed at the Department of Orthopedics, Mayo Clinic and Mayo Foundation, Rochester, Minnesota
Javad Parvizi, MD, FRCS
Gavan P. Duffy, MD
Robert T. Trousdale, MD
Department of Orthopedics, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street S.W., Rochester, MN 55905. E-mail address for R.T. Trousdale: trousdale.robert@mayo.edu

No benefits in any form have been received or will be received from a commercial party related directly or indirectly to the subject of this article. No funds were received in support of this study.

J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2001 Sep 01;83(9):1312-1316
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case

Abstract

Background: Ankylosing spondylitis is a seronegative spondyloarthropathy that primarily affects the sacroiliac joints, spine, hips, and, less commonly, the knee joints. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results in a consecutive group of patients with ankylosing spondylitis who underwent total knee arthroplasty.

Methods: The results of thirty total knee arthroplasties in twenty patients with ankylosing spondylitis were reviewed. There were seventeen men and three women, with an average age of fifty-five years (range, twenty-eight to sixty-seven years) at the time of the arthroplasty. The diagnosis of ankylosing spondylitis was established preoperatively with use of the New York criteria. All patients received a cemented condylar-type implant. The average duration of follow-up was 11.2 years (range, three to sixteen years).

Results: The average Knee Society pain score improved from 14 points preoperatively to 76.3 points at the time of the latest follow-up. The improvement in the average Knee Society function score was less impressive, with an increase from 16.3 points preoperatively to 58.7 points at the time of the latest follow-up. The average arc of motion was 84.8° prior to the arthroplasty and 86.7° at the time of the final follow-up. Six knees (20%) had heterotopic bone formation. Three knees required manipulation under anesthesia because of poor motion postoperatively. There was one revision, due to loosening of a patellar component. All other components were radiographically stable at the time of the latest follow-up.

Conclusions: Total knee arthroplasty with cement in patients with ankylosing spondylitis provided excellent pain relief and durable fixation at an average of 11.2 years postoperatively. However, patients with ankylosing spondylitis are at increased risk for the development of stiffness and heterotopic bone formation.

Figures in this Article
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

     
    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org

    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe





    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Stiffness in total knee arthroplasty. J Orthop Traumatol 2009;10(3):111-8.
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    03/27/2014
    MA - Boston Medical Center and Boston University School of Medicine
    04/02/2014
    WV - Charleston Area Medical Center
    03/05/2014
    OK - The University of Oklahoma