Scientific Article   |    
Utilization of Orthopaedic Services in a Capitated Population
Mark R. Brinker, MD; Daniel P. O'Connor, MS, PT, ATC; Peggy Pierce, BBA; G. William Woods, MD; Marc N. Elliott, PhD
View Disclosures and Other Information
Investigation performed at The Center for Musculoskeletal Research and Outcomes Studies, Fondren Orthopedic Group, Texas Orthopedic Hospital, Houston, Texas

Mark R. Brinker, MD
Peggy Pierce, BBA
G. William Woods, MD
The Center for Musculoskeletal Research and Outcomes Studies, Fondren Orthopedic Group L.L.P., 7401 South Main Street, Houston, TX 77030

Daniel P. O'Connor, MS, PT, ATC
Joe W. King Orthopedic Institute at Texas Orthopedic Hospital, 7401 South Main Street, Houston, TX 77030
Marc N. Elliott, PhD
RAND Corporation, 1700 Main Street, Santa Monica, CA 90401

The authors did not receive grants or outside funding in support of their research or preparation of this manuscript. They did not receive payments or other benefits or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity. No commercial entity paid or directed, or agreed to pay or direct, any benefits to any research fund, foundation, educational institution, or other charitable or nonprofit organization with which the authors are affiliated or associated.

J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2002 Nov 01;84(11):1926-1932
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case


Background: The utilization rate for orthopaedic services (office visits and surgery) is not well known. The purpose of this study was to determine the utilization rates for orthopaedic office visits and surgical procedures in a large population of captured lives.

Methods: The study population comprised an average of 134,902 persons per month who were enrolled under a capitated insurance plan between January 1999 and December 1999. This plan was serviced by an independent physician association of sixty-two orthopaedic surgeons who were responsible for all orthopaedic care. Data were collected prospectively and stored in a centralized database. All analyses were conducted with use of monthly averages. Poisson regression was used to compare utilization rates and to calculate odds ratios in order to determine whether the utilization rates varied by age and gender.

Results: The highest proportions of office visits were due to fractures (21%), osteoarthritis (4%), meniscal tears (4%), and low-back pain or sciatica (4%). Knee arthroscopy (30%), foot and ankle procedures (10%), and spine procedures (9%) accounted for the highest proportions of surgical procedures. The overall utilization rates were 6.96 office visits and 1.99 surgical procedures per 1000 covered lives per month. Across all age groups, males and females did not differ with respect to the utilization rate for office visits (p = 0.42) or surgery (p = 0.09). Increased age was significantly related to increased utilization rates for office visits (p £ 0.0002) and surgery (p = 0.002).

Conclusions: These data may be used to determine the size of a capitated population that an orthopaedic practice can accommodate, to determine the number of orthopaedic providers that is needed to provide services for a capitated population, and to estimate the expenses associated with providing orthopaedic services for a capitated population in an orthopaedic practice.

Figures in this Article
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org


    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe

    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    IL - Hinsdale Orthopaedics
    WY - Memorial Hospital of Sweetwater County
    NY - Modern Chiropractic Care, P.C.