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Elbow Stiffness Following Malunion of a Fracture of the Lateral Epicondyle of the Humerus in a Child A Case Report
Lewis E. Zionts, MD; Raffy Mirzayan, MD
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Investigation performed at the Women's and Children's Hospital, Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California
Lewis E. Zionts, MD
Division of Pediatric Orthopaedics, Women's and Children's Hospital, Room 3L-31, 1240 North Mission Road, Los Angeles, CA 90033. E-mail address: zionts@hsc.usc.edu

Raffy Mirzayan, MD
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kaiser Permanente, 1011 Baldwin Park Boulevard, Baldwin Park, CA 91706. E-mail address: lakersdoc@yahoo.com

The authors did not receive grants or outside funding in support of their research or preparation of this manuscript. They did not receive payments or other benefits or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity. No commercial entity paid or directed, or agreed to pay or direct, any benefits to any research fund, foundation, educational institution, or other charitable or nonprofit organization with which the authors are affiliated or associated.

J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2002 May 01;84(5):818-821
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A fracture of the ossification center of the lateral epicondyle of the humerus in a child is a rare injury 1,2 . Because the common extensor muscles of the forearm arise in this region, this type of fracture is believed to be a traction injury resulting from a varus strain on the elbow 2-4 . In most cases, there is little displacement of the fracture fragment and the injury heals following a short period of immobilization 1,2,5,6 .
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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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