Scientific Article   |    
Reconstruction of Chronic Ruptures of the Distal Biceps Tendon with Use of an Achilles Tendon Allograft
Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo, MD, PhD; Bernard F. Morrey, MD; Robert A. Adams, PA; Shawn W O'Driscoll, MDPhD
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Investigation performed at the Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota

Joaquin Sanchez-Sotelo, MD, PhD
Bernard F. Morrey, MD
Robert A. Adams, PA
Shawn W. O'Driscoll, MD, PhD
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street S.W., Rochester, MN 55905

The authors did not receive grants or outside funding in support of their research or preparation of this manuscript. They did not receive payments or other benefits or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity. No commercial entity paid or directed, or agreed to pay or direct, any benefits to any research fund, foundation, educational institution, or other charitable or nonprofit organization with which the authors are affiliated or associated.

J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2002 Jun 01;84(6):999-1005
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Background: Chronic ruptures of the distal biceps tendon are uncommon and are complicated by the retraction and poor quality of the muscle and tendon. Surgical procedures that have been described for the treatment of this injury are limited by the quality and availability of the structures used for augmentation. The purpose of the present study was to describe the surgical technique for reconstruction of the tendon with an Achilles tendon allograft and to report our preliminary experience with this procedure.

Methods: An Achilles tendon allograft was used to reconstruct a chronic rupture of the distal biceps tendon in four patients. The patients were evaluated with regard to subjective satisfaction, pain, range of motion, and strength in flexion and supination. The results were graded with use of the Mayo elbow performance score.

Results: After an average duration of follow-up of 2.8 years (range, 2.0 to 3.7 years), all four patients had a satisfactory subjective result, a full range of motion, and an excellent Mayo elbow performance score. The strength of flexion and supination was comparable with that on the contralateral side in two patients and was slightly decreased in the other two.

Conclusions: Reconstruction of chronic disruptions of the distal biceps tendon with an Achilles tendon allograft appears to offer a satisfactory technical solution for this challenging problem and has provided satisfactory clinical results to date.

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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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