Background: In recent studies, good intermediate-term results have been reported after primary hybrid total hip arthroplasty (a cementless acetabular component with a cemented femoral stem) for the treatment of primary osteoarthritis. However, few studies have described the results of this technique in patients with developmental dysplasia of the hip.
Methods: One hundred primary hybrid total hip replacements were performed in ninety patients to treat degenerative arthritis of the hip secondary to developmental dysplasia. Seventy-one patients (eighty-one hips) were available for clinical and radiographic evaluation. The average duration of follow-up was 10.6 years. There were ten men and sixty-one women. Seventy hips were classified as type 1 (dysplasia); seven, as type 2 (low dislocation); and four, as type 3 (high dislocation), according to the classification system of Hartofilakidis et al.
Results: At the time of the final follow-up, the average Harris hip score was 86 points. Structural autograft was used in fifteen hips to supplement acetabular coverage. Within five years postoperatively, the acetabular component in six of the fifteen hips had an average of 4.5 mm of vertical migration and an average increase in vertical rotation of 3°, but the position appeared to stabilize thereafter. Revisions were performed in two hips because of recurrent dislocation. No acetabular or femoral component was revised because of aseptic loosening. Osteolysis was identified around two acetabular components and two femoral components. The average rate of polyethylene wear was 0.09 mm per year.
Conclusions: Hybrid total hip arthroplasty for the treatment of symptomatic degenerative arthritis secondary to developmental dysplasia provides favorable results at intermediate-term follow-up. With lower grades of dysplasia, the majority of patients can be treated effectively without a structural bone graft by placement of the cementless acetabular component at a medial or high position.
Level of Evidence: Therapeutic study, Level IV (case series [no, or historical, control group]). See Instructions to Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.