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Principles Involved in the Treatment of Congenital Club-Foot
J. H. Kite, MD
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By J.H. Kite, MD, Atlanta, Georgia
Appeared in JBJS, Vol. 21, pp. 595-606, July 1939

J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2003 Sep 01;85(9):1847-1847
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The purpose of this paper is to make a plea for conservative treatment of congenital club-foot and to call attention to certain mechanical and pathological principles involved. It is the author's experience that most club feet can be successfully corrected by a series of plaster casts and wedgings, without the use of anaesthetics, forcible manipulations, or operative procedures, and with far better results. ...Ninety per cent of all cases of club-foot which the author has treated have been corrected by plaster casts and wedgings. The remaining 10 per cent, composed chiefly of older children and patients who had been treated previously by operative procedures, were corrected by Hoke club-foot stabilization. The non-operative method is recommended, because it does no harm to the foot, preserves function, and restores the foot to a normal appearance.
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