Scientific Articles   |    
Rapid Prototyping: The Future of Trauma Surgery?
George A. Brown, MS, MD; Keikhosrow Firoozbakhsh, PhD; Thomas A. DeCoster, MD; José R. ReynaJr., MD; Moheb Moneim, MD
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The authors did not receive grants or outside funding in support of their research or preparation of this manuscript. They did not receive payments or other benefits or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity. No commercial entity paid or directed, or agreed to pay or direct, any benefits to any research fund, foundation, educational institution, or other charitable or nonprofit organization with which the authors are affiliated or associated.
Parts of this study were presented at the Annual Meetings of the International Society for Computer Assisted Orthopaedic Surgery, Davos, Switzerland, February 2001; the Orthopaedic Trauma Association, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, October 2002; and the Orthopaedic Research Society, New Orleans, Louisiana, February 2003.

The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2003 Nov 01;85(suppl 4):49-55
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Surgeons frequently must perform delicate surgery without the benefit of a firsthand look at what they will be operating on. Fracture orientation can be difficult to conceptualize, especially in the acetabulum or spine. Anatomic reduction and stable fixation remain a challenge and have required long incisions with wide exposure, sometimes with increased postoperative morbidity1-9. The inadvertent penetration of screws into the hip joint, during the treatment of both complex acetabular fractures and posterior wall pelvic fractures, has been well documented10,11. Successful surgical correction of deformities of the hip joint before the onset of osteoarthritis requires accurate characterization of the anatomic deviations from normal as the first step in the planning of a corrective osteotomy. Pedicle screws inserted with a standard surgical technique have sometimes penetrated the wall or even missed the pedicle12-20. Diagnostic techniques such as radiography, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging provide only two-dimensional images of fractures and may not depict subtle fractures.
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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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