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Surgical Techniques   |    
Surgical Treatment of Talar Body Fractures
Heather A. Vallier, MD1; Sean E. Nork, MD2; Stephen K. Benirschke, MD2; Bruce J. Sangeorzan, MD2
1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Metro-Health Medical Center, 2500 Metro-Health Drive, Cleveland, OH 44109. E-mail address: heathervallier@yahoo.com
2 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Harborview Medical Center, Box 359798, 325 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98104-2499
View Disclosures and Other Information
The original scientific article in which the surgical technique was presented was published in JBJS Vol. 85-A, pp. 1716-1724, September 2003
The authors did not receive grants or outside funding in support of their research or preparation of this manuscript. They did not receive payments or other benefits or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity. No commercial entity paid or directed, or agreed to pay or direct, any benefits to any research fund, foundation, educational institution, or other charitable or nonprofit organization with which the authors are affiliated or associated.
The line drawings in this article are the work of Joanne Haderer Müller of Haderer & Müller (biomedart@haderermuller.com).
Investigation performed at the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Harborview Medical Center, Seattle, Washington

The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2004 Sep 01;86(1 suppl 2):180-192
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Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Fractures of the body of the talus are uncommon and poorly described. The purposes of the present study were to characterize these fractures, to describe one treatment approach, and to evaluate the clinical, radiographic, and functional outcomes of operative treatment.

METHODS:

Fifty-six patients with fifty-seven talar body fractures who had been treated operatively during a sixty-seven-month period at a level-1 trauma center were identified with use of a database. Twenty-three patients had a concomitant talar neck fracture. Eleven of the fifty-seven fractures were open. All patients underwent open reduction and internal fixation. Complications, secondary procedures, and the ability to return to work were evaluated at a minimum of one year. The radiographic presence of osteonecrosis and posttraumatic arthritis was ascertained. Foot Function Index and Musculoskeletal Function Assessment questionnaires were completed.

RESULTS:

Thirty-eight patients were evaluated after an average duration of follow-up of thirty-three months. Early complications occurred in eight patients. Ten of the twenty-six patients who had a complete set of radiographs had development of osteonecrosis of the talar body. Five of these ten patients experienced collapse of the talar dome at a mean of 10.2 months after surgery. All patients with a history of both an open fracture and osteonecrosis experienced collapse. Seventeen of twenty-six patients had posttraumatic arthritis of the tibiotalar joint, and nine of twenty-six had posttraumatic arthritis of the subtalar joint. Fractures of both the talar body and neck led to development of advanced arthritis more frequently than did fractures of the talar body only (p = 0.04). All patients with open fractures had end-stage posttraumatic arthritis (p = 0.053). Twenty-three (88%) of twenty-six patients had radiographic evidence of osteonecrosis and/or posttraumatic arthritis. Worse outcomes were noted in association with comminuted and open fractures. Osteonecrosis and posttraumatic arthritis adversely affected outcome scores.

CONCLUSIONS:

Open reduction and internal fixation of talar body fractures may restore congruity of the adjacent joints. However, early complica-tions are not infrequent, and most patients have development of radiographic evidence of osteonecrosis and/or posttraumatic arthritis. Associated talar neck fractures and open fractures more commonly result in osteonecrosis or advanced arthritis. Worse functional outcomes are seen in association with advanced posttraumatic arthritis and osteonecrosis that progresses to collapse. It is important to counsel patients regarding these devastating injuries and their poor prognosis and potential complications.

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    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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