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Evidence-Based Orthopaedics   |    
Cold Gel Reduced Pain and Disability in Minor Soft-Tissue Injury

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Source of funding: Not stated.
For correspondence: O.V. Airaksinen, Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Kuopio University Hospital, 70210 Kuopio, Finland.
Airaksinen OV, Kyrklund N, Latvala K, Kouri JP, Grönblad M, Kolari P. Efficacy of Cold Gel for Soft Tissue Injuries: A Prospective Randomized Double-Blinded Trial.
Am J Sports Med.
2003 Oct;31: 680-4.

The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2004 May 01;86(5):1101-1101
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Extract

Question: In patients with sports-related soft-tissue injury, is cold gel more effective than placebo in reducing pain and disability?Design: Randomized (allocation concealed), blinded (clinicians and patients), controlled trial with 28-day follow-up.Setting: A university hospital in Kuopio, Finland.Patients: 74 patients (mean age, 32 yr; 64% men) who had sustained a sports-related soft-tissue injury of the ankle, leg, knee, or hand within the previous 48 hours. Exclusion criteria were a pain score of <30 mm on the visual analog scale (VAS); pregnancy; the presence of cutaneous lesions or injuries at the site of application, thus precluding the use of gel therapy; or an injury in need of surgery or physiotherapy. Complete follow-up was achieved for 73 patients (99%).
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