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Functional Problems and Treatment Solutions After Total Hip and Knee Joint Arthroplasty
Anil Bhave, PT; Michael Mont, MD; Scott Tennis, PT; Michele Nickey, PT; Roland Starr, MS; Gracia Etienne, MD
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The authors did not receive grants or outside funding in support of their research or preparation of this manuscript. They did not receive payments or other benefits or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity. No commercial entity paid or directed, or agreed to pay or direct, any benefits to any research fund, foundation, educational institution, or other charitable or nonprofit organization with which the authors are affiliated or associated.

The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2005 Dec 01;87(suppl 2):9-21. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.E.00628
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Extract

Although most patients who undergo total hip or knee joint arthroplasty have an excellent clinical result with routine postoperative interventions, substantial dysfunction develops in 15% to 20% of patients for various reasons1. These patients do not respond to standard physical therapy modalities and need a very aggressive regimen of management that may include both invasive and noninvasive therapeutic options. The purpose of this study was to identify these patients with functional limitations and to assess the results of treatment with a customized regimen. We defined soft-tissue problems as those not directly related to the implant. Implant-related problems due to malalignment or loosening were ruled out radiographically or by specialized testing by two of the authors (M.M. and G.E.). We identified several functional problems following total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty that were related to muscle weakness, muscle tightness, limb-length differences, and nerve problems (Table I).
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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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