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American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery Practice of the Orthopaedic Surgeon: Part-II, Certification Examination Case Mix
William E. GarrettJr., MD1; Marc F. Swiontkowski, MD2; James N. Weinstein, DO, MS3; John Callaghan, MD4; Randy N. Rosier, MD, PHD5; Daniel J. Berry, MD6; John Harrast, PHD7; G. Paul Derosa, MD8
1 Duke University Medical Center, Box 3338, Durham, NC 27710
2 Department of Orthopaedics, University of Minnesota, 2450 Riverside Avenue, Minneapolis, MN 55454
3 Department of Orthopaedics, Dartmouth Hitchcock Medical Center, One Medical Center Drive, Lebanon, NH 03756
4 Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery and Biomedical Engineering, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA 52242
5 Department of Orthopaedics, University of Rochester Strong Medical Center, 601 Elmwood Avenue, Rochester, NY 14642
6 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street S.W., Rochester, MN 55905
7 Data Harbor Solutions, 221 West Walton, Chicago, IL 60610
8 American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery, 400 Silver Cedar Court, Chapel Hill, NC 27514
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Note: The research committee also acknowledges Donald T. Kirkendall for his work in the preparation of this manuscript.
The authors did not receive grants or outside funding in support of their research for or preparation of this manuscript. They did not receive payments or other benefits or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity. No commercial entity paid or directed, or agreed to pay or direct, any benefits to any research fund, foundation, educational institution, or other charitable or nonprofit organization with which the authors are affiliated or associated.

The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2006 Mar 01;88(3):660-667. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.E.01208
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The American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery (ABOS) is one of the twenty-four separate boards that make up the American Board of Medical Specialties. Of the twenty-four boards, fourteen require an oral examination. At present, the ABOS is the only board with a computerized data collection system that allows for the analysis of the collected information in the database.The ABOS exists to serve the interests of the public and the medical profession by establishing educational standards for orthopaedic residents and by evaluating the initial and continuing qualifications and competence of orthopaedic surgeons. Upon completion of an approved residency program, applicants for board certification must pass a comprehensive, proctored written examination (the Part-I examination). Applicants must then practice orthopaedics for twenty-two months, twelve of which must be in one location. Many elect to begin the practice requirement following a fellowship. The applicants must then satisfactorily complete a thorough credentialing process and pass an oral examination (the Part-II examination) that is based on all of the candidate's operative cases in six consecutive months beginning one year before the oral examination.
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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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