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SymposiumSubspecialty Certification: Current Status of Orthopaedic Subspecialty Certification*
Keith H. Bridwell, MD1; Christopher D. Harner, MD2; David W. PollyJr., MD3; Peter J. Stern, MD4
1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, One Barnes-Jewish Hospital Plaza, Suite 11300 West Pavilion, Campus Box 8233, St. Louis, MO 63110. E-mail address: bridwellk@wudosis.wustl.edu
2 University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Center for Sports Medicine, 3200 South Water Street, Pittsburgh, PA 15203. E-mail address: harnercd@upmc.edu
3 University of Minnesota Physicians, 2450 Riverside Avenue, South, R200, Minneapolis, MN 55454. E-mail address: pollydw@umn.edu
4 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Cincinnati Medical Center, P.O. Box 670212, Cincinnati, OH 45267-0212. E-mail address: pstern@handsurg.com
View Disclosures and Other Information
The authors did not receive grants or outside funding in support of their research for or preparation of this manuscript. They did not receive payments or other benefits or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity. No commercial entity paid or directed, or agreed to pay or direct, any benefits to any research fund, foundation, educational institution, or other charitable or nonprofit organization with which the authors are affiliated or associated.
Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Orthopaedic Association, Huntington Beach, California, June 25, 2005.

The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2006 Sep 01;88(9):2081-2090. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.E.01236
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During the last twenty years, an increasing number of orthopaedic surgeons have chosen to subspecialize. As such, there has been an increased interest in subspecialty certification.In 1990, 44% of orthopaedic surgeons viewed themselves as general orthopaedists and 21%, as specialists. Currently, those numbers are largely reversed, with 31% who consider themselves general orthopaedists and 35% who view themselves as specialists (Fig. 1).The average age of orthopaedic subspecialists is forty-nine years, and the average age of general orthopaedic surgeons is fifty-four years (Fig. 2).
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