0
Knee Osteonecrosis Treatment Methods   |    
Outcomes of Total and Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty for Secondary and Spontaneous Osteonecrosis of the Knee
Thomas G. Myers, MD, MPT; Quanjun Cui, MD; Michael Kuskowski, PhD; William M. Mihalko, MD, PhD; Khaled J. Saleh, MD, MSc, FRCS(C)
View Disclosures and Other Information
In support of their research for or preparation of this manuscript, one or more of the authors received grants or outside funding from Smith and Nephew and Stryker. In addition, one or more of the authors received payments or other benefits or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity (Smith and Nephew and Stryker). Also, a commercial entity (Smith and Nephew and Stryker) paid or directed, or agreed to pay or direct, benefits to a research fund, foundation, educational institution, or other charitable or nonprofit organization with which the authors are affiliated or associated.

The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2006 Nov 01;88(suppl 3):76-82. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.F.00568
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case

Abstract

Background: The reported outcomes of patients who underwent total or unicompartmental knee arthroplasty for secondary and spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee are often from studies that lack the number of subjects necessary to generate meaningful conclusions. We systematically reviewed the available literature in order to define the outcomes of patients after total knee arthroplasty for secondary osteonecrosis and after total or unicompartmental knee arthroplasty for spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee.

Methods: A literature review yielded twenty cohorts with demographic patient information and outcome scores (global knee scores, radiographic outcomes, and revision rates) for patients who had knee arthroplasty as treatment for either secondary or spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee. The mean preoperative and postoperative global knee scores, the mean revision rate, and the categorization of the mean "poor" and mean "good" outcomes for the knees with each underlying disease were tabulated and reported. The demographic data and the reported mean global knee scores were weighted by the number of knees in each study.

Results: Total knee arthroplasty was performed in 150 knees with secondary osteonecrosis and 148 knees with spontaneous osteonecrosis, and unicompartmental knee arthroplasty was performed in sixty-four knees with spontaneous osteonecrosis. Total knee arthroplasty for spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee was associated with the best outcomes (higher "good" and postoperative global knee scores and lower revision [3%] and "poor" outcome [6%] rates compared with the other two groups). The outcomes after total knee arthroplasty in knees with secondary osteonecrosis as well as in knees with spontaneous osteonecrosis were better in the cohorts operated on during or after 1985 than in those operated on before 1985. Similarly, the outcomes after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty in knees with spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee were also better in the cohorts operated on during or after 1985 than in those operated on before 1985.

Conclusions: Total knee arthroplasty performed as treatment for either secondary osteonecrosis or spontaneous osteonecrosis and unicompartmental knee arthroplasty performed as treatment for spontaneous osteonecrosis were associated with improved outcomes in cohorts with more recent operative dates. The evidence suggests that the use of contemporary cemented implants in total knee arthroplasty and the selective use of stems and augments in patients who have development of secondary osteonecrosis after total knee arthroplasty are producing outcomes that are comparable to those seen after total knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis. Although the outcomes of patients who have total knee arthroplasty for the treatment of spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee have historically been favorable, such outcomes have also shown particular improvement in the studies from more recent operative periods. Although poor outcomes were seen after unicompartmental knee arthroplasty in earlier studies of patients with spontaneous osteonecrosis of the knee, it is possible that those results were secondary to inappropriate patient selection, as the authors of the most recent and, to our knowledge, the only study to follow established operative indications regarding the use of unicompartmental knee arthroplasty reported excellent results.

Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions to Authors on jbjs.org for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Figures in this Article
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

     
    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org

    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe





    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    03/19/2014
    Virginia - VIRGINIA COMMONWEALTH UNIVERSITY MEDICAL CENTER
    04/16/2014
    Georgia - Choice Care Occupational Medicine & Orthopaedics
    04/16/2014
    Ohio - OhioHealth Research and Innovation Institute (OHRI)