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Total Hip Arthroplasty with a Cemented, Polished, Collared Femoral Stem and a Cementless Acetabular ComponentA Follow-up Study at a Minimum of Ten Years
Daniel E. Firestone, BS1; John J. Callaghan, MD1; Steve S. Liu, MD1; Devon D. Goetz, MD2; Patrick M. Sullivan, MD2; David A. Vittetoe, MD2; Richard C. Johnston, MD1
1 Department of Orthopaedics, University of Iowa Health Care, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA 52242. E-mail address for J.J. Callaghan: john-callaghan@uiowa.edu
2 Des Moines Orthopaedic Surgeons West, 6001 Westown Parkway, West Des Moines, IA 50266
View Disclosures and Other Information
Disclosure: In support of their research for or preparation of this manuscript, one or more of the authors received grants or outside funding from the National Institutes of Health (RO1 AR047653-04) and DePuy. In addition, one or more of the authors received payments or other benefits or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity (DePuy). Also, a commercial entity (DePuy) paid or directed, or agreed to pay or direct, benefits to a research fund, foundation, educational institution, or other charitable or nonprofit organization with which the authors are affiliated or associated.
Investigation performed at University of Iowa Health Care, Iowa City, and Des Moines Orthopaedic Surgeons, Des Moines, Iowa

The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2007 Jan 01;89(1):126-132. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.E.01214
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Abstract

Background: Recent studies have suggested that cemented femoral components with a polished surface may provide superior long-term fixation when compared with femoral components with a roughened surface. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of total hip arthroplasty with a cemented femoral component with a polished surface finish and compare them with the results of total hip arthroplasty performed with a similar design of cemented femoral component with a rougher surface finish.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed a consecutive group of 132 patients (149 hips) in whom primary total hip arthroplasty had been performed by one surgeon using a cemented collared femoral component with a polished (0.1-µm Ra) surface finish and a cementless acetabular component. Ninety-eight patients (115 hips) were followed for a minimum of ten years. We compared the survivorship of this prosthesis with that of a femoral component of similar design but with rougher surfaces (matte or grit-blasted).

Results: No polished stems were revised because of aseptic loosening or demonstrated radiographic evidence of loosening; however, eight hips (5.4%) with a polished stem demonstrated osteolysis distal to the greater or lesser tro-chanter. In contrast, six stems (2.0%) with a matte surface finish of 0.8-µm Ra were revised because of aseptic loosening, and an additional five stems were seen to be loose radiographically. Eleven stems (9.2%) with a grit-blasted surface finish of 2.1-µm Ra were revised because of aseptic loosening, and an additional four stems were seen to be loose radiographically. The difference in the prevalence of revision due to aseptic loosening between the group with the 0.1-µm Ra surface and the group with the 2.1-µm Ra surface was significant (p = 0.001), as was the difference between the prevalence of revision due to aseptic loosening between the group with the 0.8-µm Ra surface and the group with the 2.1-µm Ra surface (p = 0.001). No cups were revised because of aseptic loosening, and one hip had radiographic signs of acetabular loosening.

Conclusions: This study demonstrated excellent durability of a prosthesis consisting of a cemented, collared, polished femoral component and a cementless acetabular component. While no hips were revised because of aseptic loosening, distal femoral osteolysis was observed in eight hips (5.4%), a higher prevalence than has been reported by others after similar durations of follow-up of tapered, collarless, polished femoral components.

Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions to Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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