The Orthopaedic Forum   |    
SymposiumThe Relevance of Culturally Competent Care in Orthopaedics to Outcomes and Health Care Disparities*
Augustus A. WhiteIII, MD, PhD1; James A. Hill, MD1; Audley M. Mackel, MD1; Diane L. Rowley, MD, MPH1; Emily P. Rickards, MA1; Bill Jenkins, PhD, MPH1
1 Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 645 North Michigan Avenue, Suite 910, Chicago, IL 60611
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Disclosure: In support of their research for or preparation of this work, one or more of the authors received, in any one year, outside funding or grants in excess of $10,000 from Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Massachusetts and of less than $10,000 from the J. Robert Gladden Orthopaedic Society, the Ware Family Foundation, and the Hogan Family Foundation. In addition, one or more of the authors or a member of his or her immediate family received, in any one year, payments or other benefits in excess of $10,000 or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity (Zimmer Holdings, Inc.). No commercial entity paid or directed, or agreed to pay or direct, any benefits to any research fund, foundation, division, center, clinical practice, or other charitable or nonprofit organization with which the authors, or a member of their immediate families, are affiliated or associated.
Presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Orthopaedic Association, San Antonio, Texas, June 23, 2006.

The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2007 Jun 01;89(6):1379-1384. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.F.01404
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Of all of the forms of inequality, injustice in health care is the most shocking and inhumane.—Martin Luther King Jr.In the context of our increasingly diverse society, culturally competent care has emerged as an important educational discipline in the training of physicians and is an essential component in the broader effort to address disparities in health care. The unique nature of this content area, namely, the ways in which it resonates on a deep level with our racial identities, national history, and core values, requires that we approach it with humility, enthusiasm, and persistence.
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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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