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Scoliosis Secondary to Tumors, Trauma, and Infection   |    
Pediatric Spine Trauma
Christopher W. Reilly, MD, FRCSC
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Disclosure: In support of his research for or preparation of this work, the author received, in any one year, outside funding or grants in excess of $10,000 from the Scoliosis Research Society. Neither he nor a member of his immediate family received payments or other benefits or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity. No commercial entity paid or directed, or agreed to pay or direct, any benefits to any research fund, foundation, division, center, clinical practice, or other charitable or nonprofit organization with which the author, or a member of his immediate family, is affiliated or associated.
The author did not receive any outside funding or grants in support of his research for or preparation of this work. Neither he nor a member of his immediate family received payments or other benefits or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity. No commercial entity paid or directed, or agreed to pay or direct, any benefits to any research fund, foundation, division, center, clinical practice, or other charitable or nonprofit organization with which the author, or a member of his immediate family, is affiliated or associated.

The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Incorporated
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2007 Feb 01;89(suppl 1):98-107. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.F.00244
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Extract

The vast majority of spinal column and cord injuries that are sustained in North America occur in patients who are between the ages of fifteen and forty years. Children rarely have spinal injuries and even less frequently have spinal cord injuries. Patients who are younger than fifteen years of age account for fewer than 10% of patients who sustain spinal cord injuries1,2. The Canadian National Trauma Registry data reflect a similar conclusion: in 1998, there were twenty-eight spinal cord injuries nationally in children who were younger than fifteen years of age in comparison with 511 injuries reported for young adults from fifteen to forty years of age3. The base population-adjusted incidence suggests an annual pediatric spinal cord injury rate of 1 in 1,000,000, and an annual rate of young adult injury of 17 in 1,000,000.
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