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Total Shoulder Arthroplasty with a Metal-Backed, Bone-Ingrowth Glenoid ComponentMedium to Long-Term Results
Michael J. Taunton, MD1; Amy L. McIntosh, MD1; John W. Sperling, MD1; Robert H. Cofield, MD1
1 Mayo Clinic 200 First Street S.W. Rochester, MN 55905
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Disclosure: The authors did not receive any outside funding or grants in support of their research for or preparation of this work. Neither they nor a member of their immediate families received payments or other benefits or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity. A commercial entity (Smith and Nephew) paid or directed in any one year, or agreed to pay or direct, benefits in excess of $10,000 to a research fund, foundation, division, center, clinical practice, or other charitable or nonprofit organization with which one or more of the authors, or a member of his or her immediate family, is affiliated or associated.
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Investigation performed at the Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Mayo Graduate School of Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota

The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2008 Oct 01;90(10):2180-2188. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.G.00966
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Background: Loosening of a cemented glenoid component is an important cause of failure in shoulder arthroplasty. This study was developed to examine the outcome of patients managed with a metal-backed, bone-ingrowth glenoid component as an alternative to a cemented component.

Methods: The study group included eighty-three total shoulder arthroplasties with a metal-backed, bone-ingrowth glenoid component performed between 1989 and 1994. Seventy-four shoulders had a diagnosis of primary osteoarthritis, and nine shoulders had other diagnoses. All patients were followed radiographically and clinically for a minimum of two years or until the time of revision surgery. Kaplan-Meier survival estimates were performed with revision and/or radiographic failure as the end points.

Results: The mean clinical follow-up was 9.5 years, and the mean radiographic follow-up was 7.1 years. Pain ratings (on a scale of 1 to 5) decreased from a mean of 4.7 preoperatively to 2.0 postoperatively. The mean range of motion in active elevation increased from 102° preoperatively to 135° postoperatively; the mean external rotation increased from 27° to 56°. Glenohumeral joint instability developed in fourteen shoulders. Radiographic changes consistent with glenoid component loosening were present in thirty-three shoulders. Polyethylene wear with metal wear of the glenoid component was noted in twenty-one shoulders, and humeral component loosening was seen in fifteen shoulders. Revision procedures were performed in twenty-six shoulders. There were no identifiable patient, disease, or surgical characteristics associated with failure, either clinically or radiographically. The five-year survival estimate free of revision or radiographic failure was 79.9% (95% confidence interval, 71.6% to 89.3%), and the ten-year survival estimate was 51.9% (95% confidence interval, 41.0% to 65.8%).

Conclusions: The high rate of failure of total shoulder arthroplasties performed with this metal-backed, bone-ingrowth glenoid component raises concerns as to its use, and perhaps the use of other types of metal-backed components, in shoulder arthroplasty, other than for special situations.

Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions to Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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