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Total Hip Arthroplasty with an Uncemented Tapered Femoral Component
Jeffrey R. McLaughlin, MD1; Kyla R. Lee, MD2
1 The Kennedy Center for the Hip and Knee, Mercy Medical Center, Suite 125, 2700 West Ninth Avenue, Oshkosh, WI 54901. E-mail address: mjohnson@KCHipandKnee.com
2 Gunderson Lutheran Medical Center, 1836 South Avenue, LaCrosse, WI 54601
View Disclosures and Other Information
Disclosure: In support of their research for or preparation of this work, one or more of the authors received, in any one year, outside funding or grants in excess of $10,000 from Biomet. In addition, one or more of the authors or a member of his or her immediate family received, in any one year, payments or other benefits in excess of $10,000 or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity (Biomet). Also, a commercial entity (Biomet) paid or directed in any one year, or agreed to pay or direct, benefits in excess of $10,000 to a research fund, foundation, division, center, clinical practice, or other charitable or nonprofit organization with which one or more of the authors, or a member of his or her immediate family, is affiliated or associated.
Investigation performed at the Kennedy Center for the Hip and Knee, Mercy Medical Center, Oshkosh, and the Gunderson Lutheran Medical Center, LaCrosse, Wisconsin

The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2008 Jun 01;90(6):1290-1296. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.G.00771
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Abstract

Background: Excellent intermediate-term results with use of tapered femoral components in primary total hip arthroplasty have been reported. The purpose of this study was to update our previous report and to evaluate the outcome of total hip arthroplasty with use of the porous Taperloc femoral component in patients who had been followed for a minimum of eighteen years postoperatively.

Methods: One hundred and forty-five consecutive uncemented total hip arthroplasties in 138 patients were performed between 1983 and 1985, by a single surgeon, with use of the Taperloc femoral component. The outcome of every femoral component with regard to stem fixation, retention, or revision was determined for all 145 total hip replacements. At a mean of twenty years (range, eighteen to 22.6 years) postoperatively, fifty-eight patients (sixty-five hips) were living. In fifty living patients (fifty-seven hips), the femoral component had not undergone revision surgery. Evaluation of the living patients included clinical and radiographic analysis and recording of complications.

Results: Of the eighty patients (eighty hips) who had died, five hips had undergone revision of the femoral component. Only one stem had been revised for aseptic loosening, and no femoral component had been definitely loose by radiographic criteria. In the remaining sixty-five hips in the fifty-eight living patients, eight femoral components were revised. No femoral component underwent revision for aseptic loosening. Definite radiographic evidence of femoral component loosening occurred in one hip. In the fifty living patients (fifty-seven hips) who had not undergone femoral component revision, there was a significant improvement in the mean Harris hip score from 49.3 points preoperatively to 85.4 points at the time of latest follow-up (p = 0.001). Survivorship analysis of all 145 hips, with revision for any reason as the end point, estimated that the survival rate for the femoral component was 87% (95% confidence interval, 79% to 93%) at twenty-two years.

Conclusions: Primary total hip arthroplasty with the Taperloc femoral component is associated with a low rate of aseptic loosening at a mean follow-up of twenty years.

Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions to Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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