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Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Periacetabular Osteotomy
Emile Sharifi, MD1; Husham Sharifi, SM, SM2; Saam Morshed, MD, MPH3; Kevin Bozic, MD, MBA3; Mohammad Diab, MD3
1 School of Medicine, University of California at San Francisco, 513 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143
2 School of Medicine, Yale University, Harkness Hall, 367 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT 06510
3 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of California at San Francisco, 500 Parnassus Avenue, San Francisco, CA 94143. E-mail address for M. Diab: diab@orthosurg.ucsf.edu
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Disclosure: The authors did not receive any outside funding or grants in support of their research for or preparation of this work. Neither they nor a member of their immediate families received payments or other benefits or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity. No commercial entity paid or directed, or agreed to pay or direct, any benefits to any research fund, foundation, division, center, clinical practice, or other charitable or nonprofit organization with which the authors, or a member of their immediate families, are affiliated or associated.
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Investigation performed at the University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, California

The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2008 Jul 01;90(7):1447-1456. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.G.00730
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Background: A lack of long-term outcomes data following periacetabular osteotomy makes it difficult for surgeons to recommend the most appropriate procedure to young patients who might be candidates for a joint-preserving procedure. In this study, we compared the cost-effectiveness of periacetabular osteotomy with total hip arthroplasty in terms of cost per quality-adjusted life year for the young adult.

Methods: A decision model was constructed for a cost-utility analysis of periacetabular osteotomy compared with total hip arthroplasty. Outcome probabilities and effectiveness were derived from the literature. Effectiveness was expressed in quality-adjusted life years gained. Cost data were compiled and verified from our institution. Costs and utilities were discounted in accord with the United States Panel on Cost-Effectiveness in Health and Medicine. Principal outcome measures were average incremental costs, incremental effectiveness, incremental quality-adjusted life years, and net health benefits. Multivariate sensitivity analysis was used to assess the contribution of included variables in the model's outcomes.

Results: For Tönnis grade-1 coxarthrosis, periacetabular osteotomy dominates with an average incremental cost-effectiveness of $7856 per quality-adjusted life year and an average incremental effectiveness of 0.15. For Tönnis grade-2 coxarthrosis, periacetabular osteotomy is, on the average, more cost-effective than total hip arthroplasty with an incremental cost-effectiveness of $824 per quality-adjusted life year, but it is less effective than total hip arthroplasty, on the average, with an incremental effectiveness of —1.4 quality-adjusted life years. Periacetabular osteotomy becomes more cost-effective at a longevity of 5.5 years for Tönnis grade-1 coxarthrosis and 18.25 years for Tönnis grade-2 coxarthrosis. In Tönnis grade-3 coxarthrosis, total hip replacement becomes the dominant treatment strategy.

Conclusions: Periacetabular osteotomy is, on the average, more cost-effective in Tönnis grade-1 and grade-2 coxarthrosis, while it is both more costly and less effective in Tönnis grade-3 coxarthrosis. These findings can inform clinical decision-making in the absence of long-term data. On the basis of this model, periacetabular osteotomy is preferable to total hip arthroplasty in Tönnis grade-1 and grade-2 coxarthrosis when the patient is sufficiently young and when functionality in sports is important.

Level of Evidence: Economic and decision analysis, Level II. See Instructions to Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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