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Simultaneous Reconstruction of the Medial and Lateral Ligament Complexes of the Ankle Joint with Semitendinosus Tendon AllograftA Case Report
Jae Ho Yoo, MD1; Woo-Chun Lee, MD2; Jeong-Seok Moon, MD2
1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Soonchunhyang University Hospital, Bucheon, 1174 Jung-Dong, Wonmi-Gu, Bucheon-Si, Gyeonggi-Do 420-767, Republic of Korea
2 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Seoul Paik Hospital, Inje University, 85, 2-Ka, Jur-dong, Chung-ku, Seoul 100-032, Republic of Korea. E-mail address for W.-C. Lee: wclee@seoulpaik.ac.kr
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Disclosure: The authors did not receive any outside funding or grants in support of their research for or preparation of this work. Neither they nor a member of their immediate families received payments or other benefits or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity. No commercial entity paid or directed, or agreed to pay or direct, any benefits to any research fund, foundation, division, center, clinical practice, or other charitable or nonprofit organization with which the authors, or a member of their immediate families, are affiliated or associated.
Investigation performed at Seoul Paik Hospital, Inje University, Seoul, Republic of Korea

The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2009 Jun 01;91(6):1491-1496. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.H.00995
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Ankle ligament injuries occur frequently during recreational activities as well as competitive sports1. Although most heal with little medical intervention, recurrent instability can occur in 15% to 48% of patients2-6 and long-term sequelae can occur in up to 50% of patients7. Even following nonoperative treatment such as physiotherapy, bracing, or medication, continued problems may require surgical intervention, and the normal stability and biomechanics of the ankle joint should be reestablished to prevent the development of arthritis8,9.
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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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