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Funding of Educational Opportunities in Orthopaedic Surgery Residency TrainingA Survey of Residency Program Directors and Chairs
A. Alex Jahangir, MD1; John H. Flint, MD2; Samir Mehta, MD3
1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Hennepin County Medical Center, 701 Park Avenue G2, Minneapolis, MN 55415. E-mail address: ajahangi@gmail.com
2 Department of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation, University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, 200 Hawkins Drive, Iowa City, IA 52242
3 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, 3400 Spruce Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104
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Disclosure: The authors did not receive any outside funding or grants in support of their research for or preparation of this work. Neither they nor a member of their immediate families received payments or other benefits or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity.

The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2009 Jun 01;91(6):1542-1545. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.H.01645
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As funding for graduate medical education continues to decline, finding sources of funding for orthopaedic resident education is a major issue for residency programs, health systems, the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), and the American Orthopaedic Association (AOA). The majority of funding for orthopaedic residency programs in the United States includes federal funding from Medicare and Medicaid to the academic health center, funding from faculty and endowments, contributions from individual hospitals and institutions, and industry financial support of courses and the provision of other educational resources1-10. With the continued decrease in federal government funding for graduate medical education and the decrease in funding from industry secondary to concerns about conflicts of interest, many residency programs may need to evaluate other sources of funding to meet the educational needs of their residents. We conducted a survey of residency program directors and chairs to better understand the funding sources for their educational programs. In addition, we sought to define the role of industry funding in resident education.
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    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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