We previously reported the ten to fourteen-year results for 311 Porous Coated Anatomic total hip replacements that had been inserted by two surgeons in 279 patients. The purpose of the present report is to update that study and to report the outcome beyond twenty years. The patients were followed prospectively with clinical assessment with use of the Harris hip score and radiographic analysis, and the results were collected in a database. Two hundred and sixty-eight hips were functioning at the time of death or at the time of the latest follow-up. A total of forty-three hips (14%) underwent major revision for all causes, and an additional four hips underwent minor revision. At a mean of twenty-three years of follow-up, Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed a survival rate of 83% with revision for any reason as the end point. The survival rate was 95% for the femoral component and 88% for the acetabular component with revision for any reason as the end point. The rate of survival of the acetabular component was significantly higher in hips with a 26-mm femoral head than in those with a 32-mm femoral head (91% compared with 80%; p = 0.026).Level of Evidence:
Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.