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Scientific Articles   |    
The Influence of Posterolateral Rotatory Instability on ACL ReconstructionComparison Between Isolated ACL Reconstruction and ACL Reconstruction Combined with Posterolateral Corner Reconstruction
Sung-Jae Kim, MD, PhD1; Duck-Hyun Choi, MD1; Byoung-Yoon Hwang, MD1
1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and the Arthroscopy and Joint Research Institute, Yonsei University Health System, 134 Shinchon-dong, Seodaemun-gu, Seoul 120-752, South Korea. E-mail address for B.-Y. Hwang: sogood95@hanmail.net
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Investigation performed at the Arthroscopy and Joint Research Institute, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Yonsei University Health System, Seoul, South Korea



Disclosure: None of the authors received payments or services, either directly or indirectly (i.e., via his or her institution), from a third party in support of any aspect of this work. None of the authors, or their institution(s), have had any financial relationship, in the thirty-six months prior to submission of this work, with any entity in the biomedical arena that could be perceived to influence or have the potential to influence what is written in this work. Also, no author has had any other relationships, or has engaged in any other activities, that could be perceived to influence or have the potential to influence what is written in this work. The complete Disclosures of Potential Conflicts of Interest submitted by authors are always provided with the online version of the article.

Copyright © 2012 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2012 Feb 01;94(3):253-259. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.J.01686
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Abstract

Background: 

The purpose of the present retrospective study was to evaluate the influence of posterolateral corner reconstruction on anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction in terms of anterior laxity and clinical outcomes. We hypothesized that the effects of combined ACL and posterolateral corner reconstruction would be less satisfactory than those of isolated ACL reconstruction in terms of anterior laxity and clinical outcomes.

Methods: 

We retrospectively studied sixty-nine patients who underwent ACL reconstruction from February 2001 to December 2005. Forty-six patients underwent isolated ACL reconstruction (Group I), and twenty-three patients underwent combined ACL and posterolateral corner reconstruction (Group II). Clinical outcomes were determined from data obtained before surgery and at the time of the twenty-four-month follow-up examination.

Results: 

Postoperatively, the mean side-to-side difference (and standard deviation) in anterior tibial translation, measured with a KT2000 arthrometer, was greater for Group I (2.2 ± 1.0 mm) than for Group II (1.6 ± 0.8 mm) (p = 0.031). Seven knees (15.2%) in Group I and two knees (8.7%) in Group II had grade-1 anterior translation. The mean Lysholm score was 93.2 in Group I and 90.1 in Group II (p = 0.392). Thirty-eight knees (82.6%) in Group I and twenty knees (87.0%) in Group II were classified as normal or nearly normal according to the International Knee Documentation Committee scoring system (p = 0.882).

Conclusions: 

On the basis of the evaluation of ligamentous laxity with use of the KT2000 arthrometer, we observed that combined ACL and posterolateral corner reconstruction allows less anterior translation than isolated ACL reconstruction. However, we could not identify significant differences between the two groups in terms of functional outcomes.

Level of Evidence: 

Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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