Mobile-bearing knee designs represent an alternative to conventional fixed-bearing implants in total knee arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to determine the clinical results of a mobile-bearing knee implant.Methods:
From 1990 to 1998, 326 primary consecutive mobile-bearing total knee prostheses were implanted in 260 patients who had a mean age and standard deviation of 66.7 ± 6.9 years. Femoral and tibial components were cemented in all knees, and the patella was resurfaced in 199 knees (61%). Patients were evaluated with the use of the Knee Society clinical rating system and radiographic examinations. Complications were noted, and survivorship of the prostheses was determined.Results:
The mean follow-up period was 156 ± 27.3 months, with maximum follow-up at eighteen years. The mean Knee Society knee score improved from 32.4 ± 21.2 preoperatively to 92.6 ± 10.0 at the time of the last follow-up (p = 0.00), and the mean Knee Society functional score improved from 39.3 ± 18.7 preoperatively to 66.7 ± 18.6 at the time of the last follow-up (p = 0.00). Mean knee flexion improved from 92.3° ± 14.5° preoperatively to 112.1° ± 13.4° at the time of the last follow-up (p = 0.00). There were twenty-four (7.4%) knees that required revision. In eighteen (5.5%) knees, worn out or broken polyethylene was found and a polyethylene-only exchange was done. Six knees (1.8%) were fully revised. The survival rate was 0.96 (95% confidence interval, 0.93 to 0.98) at ten years and 0.87 (95% confidence interval, 0.79 to 0.93) at eighteen years.Conclusions:
A fully congruent, mobile-bearing total knee prosthesis had excellent survivorship during the ten to eighteen-year follow-up interval.Level of Evidence:
Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions to Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.