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Scientific Articles   |    
Total Knee Arthroplasty with Use of Computer-Assisted Navigation Compared with Conventional Guiding Systems in the Same Patient: Radiographic Results in Asian Patients
Tsan-Wen Huang, MD1; Wei-Hsiu Hsu, MD1; Kuo-Ti Peng, MD1; Robert Wen-Wei Hsu, MD1; Yi-Jan Weng, MD1; Wun-Jer Shen, MD2
1 Division of Sports Medicine, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital at Chia-Yi, No. 6, West Section, Chia Pu Road, Putz, ChiaYi Hsien 613, Taiwan. E-mail address for R.W.-W. Hsu: wwh@adm.cgmh.org.tw
2 Po-Cheng Orthopaedic Institute, No. 100, Bo-ai 2nd Road, Zuoying District, Kaohsiung, Taiwan
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Disclosure: None of the authors received payments or services, either directly or indirectly (i.e., via his or her institution), from a third party in support of any aspect of this work. One or more of the authors, or his or her institution, has had a financial relationship, in the thirty-six months prior to submission of this work, with an entity in the biomedical arena that could be perceived to influence or have the potential to influence what is written in this work. No author has had any other relationships, or has engaged in any other activities, that could be perceived to influence or have the potential to influence what is written in this work. The complete Disclosures of Potential Conflicts of Interest submitted by the authors of this work are available with the online version of this article at jbjs.org.

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Investigation performed at Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chia-Yi, Taiwan

Copyright © 2011 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2011 Jul 06;93(13):1197-1202. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.J.00325
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Abstract

Background: 

The value of computer-assisted surgery in total knee arthroplasty for arthritic knees continues to be debated. We hypothesized that the usefulness of computer assistance is related to the magnitude of the deviation from the preoperative mechanical axis and that computer-assisted surgery may be beneficial under certain circumstances.

Methods: 

Patients with bilateral knee osteoarthritis and genu varus deformity who were to have staged bilateral total knee arthroplasty were enrolled. The patients randomly underwent computer-assisted total knee arthroplasty in one knee and conventional total knee arthroplasty in the contralateral knee. The two methods were compared for accuracy of placement of the components and lower extremity alignment after total knee arthroplasty as determined by six radiographic parameters.

Results: 

One hundred and thirteen patients (226 knees) met the inclusion criteria. For patients with a preoperative mechanical axis deviation of <10° and those with a deviation of 10° to 14.9° in both knees, the postoperative radiographic parameters did not differ significantly between the two techniques. In patients with a preoperative mechanical axis deviation of >20°, the reconstructed mechanical axes were significantly closer to normal in the computer-assisted total knee arthroplasty group. Significant results were also noted in the anatomical axes, femoral valgus angle, and femoral flexion angle. Furthermore, a higher percentage of knees in which computer-assisted surgery was used had restoration of the mechanical axis within 3° of neutral.

Conclusions: 

Computer-assisted surgery was a valuable adjunct for obtaining proper alignment during total knee arthroplasty in patients with knee osteoarthritis with severe varus deformity. Conventional total knee arthroplasty was as effective as computer-assisted total knee arthroplasty for obtaining proper alignment in patients with a minor to moderate deformity.

Level of Evidence: 

Therapeutic Level II. See Instructions to Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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