Scientific Articles   |    
Effects of Acquired Glenoid Bone Defects on Surgical Technique and Clinical Outcomes in Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty
Steven M. Klein, MD1; Page Dunning, BA1; Philip Mulieri, MD, PhD1; Derek Pupello, MBA1; Katheryne Downes, MPH2; Mark A. Frankle, MD1
1 Florida Orthopaedic Institute (S.M.K., P.M., and M.A.F.) and Foundation for Orthopaedic Research and Education (P.D. and D.P.), 13020 North Telecom Parkway, Tampa, FL 33637. E-mail address for M.A. Frankle: frankle@pol.net
2 University of South Florida, 2 Tampa General Circle, STC 6029, Tampa, FL 33606
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Disclosure: In support of their research for or preparation of this work, one or more of the authors received, in any one year, outside funding or grants in excess of $10,000 from DJO Surgical. In addition, one or more of the authors or a member of his or her immediate family received, in any one year, payments or other benefits in excess of $10,000 or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity (DJO Surgical).

Investigation performed at the Foundation for Orthopaedic Research and Education, Tampa, Florida

Copyright ©2010 American Society for Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2010 May 01;92(5):1144-1154. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.I.00778
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Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty is the accepted method of treatment for selected shoulder disorders. The purpose of this study was to compare primary reverse shoulder arthroplasty surgical techniques as well as clinical and radiographic outcomes in patients with acquired glenoid bone defects and in those with normal glenoid morphology.


Preoperative three-dimensional computed tomography scans were performed on 216 shoulders in 211 patients undergoing primary reverse shoulder arthroplasty between 2004 and 2007. The glenoids were classified as normal or abnormal on the basis of preoperative radiographs and three-dimensional reconstructions of the scapula. One hundred and forty-three shoulders had been followed for two years. There were eighty-seven normal and fifty-six abnormal glenoids. The surgical techniques that were compared included bone-grafting and glenosphere selection. The clinical outcomes for the two groups were compared with respect to the American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons score.


Surgical technique differed between the groups. All fifty-six glenoids with acquired bone defects had center screw placement along an alternative (scapular spine) centerline. A bone graft was used in twenty-two shoulders with acquired glenoid bone defects compared with none of those with normal glenoid morphology (p = 0.016). Shoulders with glenoid defects were treated with larger glenospheres (36 or 40 mm) more often than those with normal glenoids (p < 0.001). No significant difference was detected between the groups with regard to the preoperative or postoperative American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons scores. Radiographs did not demonstrate failure or resorption of a glenoid bone graft when present. All outcomes improved significantly postoperatively. There were five complications, and one patient was unsatisfied with the result.


Glenoid bone defects, when managed with an alteration of surgical technique, including bone-grafting when indicated, are not a contraindication to reverse total shoulder arthroplasty.

Level of Evidence: 

Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions to Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

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    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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