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Peter G. de Boer, MA, FRCS1; Rick Buckley, MD, FRCS(C)2; Pascal Schmidt1; Robert Fox, EdD3; Jesse Jupiter, MD4
1 AO Education, Stettbachstrasse 6, CH-8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland. E-mail address for P.G. de Boer: Piet.deboer@aofoundation.org. E-mail address for P. Schmidt: Pascal.schmidt@aofoundation.org
2 Foothills Medical Centre, AC 144A, 1403-29th Street NW, Calgary, Alberta T2N 2T9, Canada. E-mail address: buckclin@ucalgary.ca
3 1001 Olde Oak Court, Norman, OK 73026. E-mail address: drrdfox@me.com
4 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Yawkey Building 2100, 55 Parkman Street, Boston, MA 02114. E-mail address: JJupiter1@partners.org
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Disclosure: The authors did not receive any outside funding or grants in support of their research for or preparation of this work. Neither they nor a member of their immediate families received payments or other benefits or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity.

Copyright ©2010 American Society for Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2010 May 01;92(5):1325-1329. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.I.00775
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Modern surgical education is evolving with changes in the academic environment. Surgeons, surgical educators, and administrative associations need to know what to teach, how to do it, and whether it has succeeded. Whereas surgeons have many tools to help them to see what is needed for better patient care and to measure patient progress, surgical education is just beginning to develop techniques of interpreting the needs of students and to assess outcomes of learning in their practice1,2. The absence of surgical education assessment techniques has made it necessary to guess what is needed to improve education. We have estimated the success or failure of teaching by attempting to score faculty performance rather than on obtaining more valid data. This has led surgical educators to use mistaken assumptions based on their personal experience or reasoning without evidence3.
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    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
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