0
Evidence-Based Orthopaedics   |    
A Comparison of the Results of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction Using Bioabsorbable Versus Metal Interference ScrewsA Meta-Analysis
Christopher E. Emond, MD1; Erik B. Woelber, BA1; Shanu K. Kurd, MD, MSCE, MHS1; Michael G. Ciccotti, MD1; Steven B. Cohen, MD1
1 Rothman Institute Orthopedics, 925 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107. E-mail address for S.B. Cohen: steven.cohen@rothmaninstitute.com
View Disclosures and Other Information
Disclosure: The authors did not receive any outside funding or grants in support of their research for or preparation of this work. Neither they nor a member of their immediate families received payments or other benefits or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity.

Investigation performed at the Rothman Institute, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Copyright © 2011 by The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc.
J Bone Joint Surg Am, 2011 Mar 16;93(6):572-580. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.J.00269
5 Recommendations (Recommend) | 3 Comments | Saved by 3 Users Save Case

Abstract

Background: 

Graft fixation during anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction can be achieved with use of either bioabsorbable screws or metal screws. Although bioabsorbable screws and metal screws have similar fixation strengths, bioabsorbable screws eliminate the need for removal. In addition, postoperative imaging is easier to interpret when bioabsorbable screws are used. Bioabsorbable screws may be associated with an increased inflammatory response, an increased risk of screw breakage, incomplete screw absorption, or tunnel widening. We investigated the outcomes associated with the use of bioabsorbable screws as compared with metal screws for ACL reconstruction. Our hypothesis was that there is no significant difference in outcomes between these screw types for ACL reconstruction.

Methods: 

We systematically searched electronic databases to identify randomized controlled trials in which bioabsorbable screws were compared with metal screws for ACL reconstruction. Therapeutic studies with a minimum twelve-month mean follow-up were considered for inclusion. Clinical outcomes (International Knee Documentation Committee [IKDC], Lysholm, Tegner activity scores), laxity testing, and reported complications were evaluated in the meta-analysis. Additionally, imaging assessment of tunnel widening was evaluated.

Results: 

Eight studies matched the inclusion criteria. These studies comprised a total of 745 patients undergoing ACL reconstruction (including 378 patients managed with bioabsorbable screws and 367 patients managed with metal screws). No significant differences were identified between the two screw types with respect to IKDC, Lysholm, or Tegner activity scores or with respect to the results of laxity testing with arthrometry. The complication rates were also statistically similar in the two groups. The variability in imaging assessment of tunnel widening among the studies precluded meta-analysis.

Conclusions: 

The clinical results associated with bioabsorbable screws and metal screws are statistically similar. Laxity evaluation demonstrated no significant differences between bioabsorbable screws and metal screws. The complication rates associated with bioabsorbable screws and metal screws were also similar. The results of this meta-analysis support the hypothesis that there are no significant differences in the outcomes associated with bioabsorbable screws as compared with metal screws for ACL reconstruction.

Level of Evidence: 

Therapeutic Level II. See Instructions to Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Figures in this Article
    Sign In to Your Personal ProfileSign In To Access Full Content
    Not a Subscriber?
    Get online access for 30 days for $35
    New to JBJS?
    Sign up for a full subscription to both the print and online editions
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities, to comment on public articles, or to sign up for alerts.
    Register for a FREE limited account to get full access to all CME activities
    Have a subscription to the print edition?
    Current subscribers to The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery in either the print or quarterly DVD formats receive free online access to JBJS.org.
    Forgot your password?
    Enter your username and email address. We'll send you a reminder to the email address on record.

     
    Forgot your username or need assistance? Please contact customer service at subs@jbjs.org. If your access is provided
    by your institution, please contact you librarian or administrator for username and password information. Institutional
    administrators, to reset your institution's master username or password, please contact subs@jbjs.org

    References

    Accreditation Statement
    These activities have been planned and implemented in accordance with the Essential Areas and policies of the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) through the joint sponsorship of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons and The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery, Inc. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons is accredited by the ACCME to provide continuing medical education for physicians.
    CME Activities Associated with This Article
    Submit a Comment
    Please read the other comments before you post yours. Contributors must reveal any conflict of interest.
    Comments are moderated and will appear on the site at the discretion of JBJS editorial staff.

    * = Required Field
    (if multiple authors, separate names by comma)
    Example: John Doe





    Related Content
    The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery
    JBJS Case Connector
    Topic Collections
    Related Audio and Videos
    PubMed Articles
    Clinical Trials
    Readers of This Also Read...
    JBJS Jobs
    01/08/2014
    Pennsylvania - Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center
    01/22/2014
    Pennsylvania - Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center