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Evidence-Based Orthopaedics  |  April 16, 2014

Scientific Articles  |  April 16, 2014
Current Concepts Review  |  April 16, 2014
Figures  
  • Anchor for JumpFig. 1

    The modified transtibial technique, in which an anterior drawer force (1), a varus force (2), and an external rotation force (3) are applied to the proximal aspect of the tibia and the guide is externally rotated (arrow upper left). The anterior drawer force enables more inferior positioning of the femoral tunnel; the varus force, posterior positioning of the femoral tunnel; and the external rotation force and external rotation of the guide, both inferior and posterior positioning of the femoral tunnel.

    Figure Description
  • Anchor for JumpFig. 1

    Breakdown of the RC appropriateness ratings.

    Figure Description
  • Anchor for JumpFig. 1

    An arthroscopic ruler is used to measure the size of the tibial insertion site in the sagittal plane, with the ACL tibial footprint shown dissected and the anteromedial (AM) and posterolateral (PL) bundles marked with a standard, commercially available, arthroscopic radiofrequency ablation device.

    Figure Description
  • Anchor for JumpFig. 1

    The 2013 AOA-COA ABC fellows. Back row (left to right): Dr. Albert Yee, Dr. Matthew Provencher, Dr. Gregory J. Della Rocca, Dr. Ranjan Gupta, and Dr. Brian Wolf. Front row (left to right): Dr. Michelle Ghert and Dr. Jennifer Moriatis Wolf.

    Figure Description
  • Anchor for JumpFig. 1

    Representative images from one patient. In the post-gadolinium dGEMRIC color maps at one year (Fig. 1-A) and two years (Fig. 1-D) postoperatively, higher T1 values (blue) are associated with increased relative glycosaminoglycan content and lower T1 values (red) indicate decreased glycosaminoglycan content. The corresponding T2 color maps at one year (Fig. 1-B) and two years (Fig. 1-E) show stratification of T2 values between the deep (red) and the superficial (blue) zone in transplanted osteochondral allograft cartilage. The cartilage-specific T2*-weighted images at one year (Fig. 1-C) and two years (Fig. 1-F) are displayed for reference.

    Figure Description
  • Anchor for JumpFig. 1

    RCTs published in the United States according to year, showing the proportion of those reporting race and/or ethnicity.

    Figure Description
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    A photograph showing the ArthroSim virtual reality arthroscopy simulator.

    Figure Description
  • Anchor for JumpFig. 1

    Representative pressure mapping demonstrating the contact area and pressure distribution in the lateral and medial compartments of specimen 7 (a left knee) at 30° of flexion for the eight lateral meniscus conditions. The diamond shows that the distribution of pressure between the medial and lateral compartments of the knee was equal.

    Figure Description
  • Anchor for JumpFig. 1

    PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses) flow diagram of the identification and selection of the studies included in the systematic review.

    Figure Description
  • Anchor for JumpFig. 2

    Schema summarizing the approaches that have been evaluated for augmentation of tendon-to-bone healing, including the use of osteoinductive growth factors, platelet-rich plasma, gene therapy, enveloping the grafts with periosteum, osteoconductive materials, cell-based therapies, biodegradable scaffolds, and biomimetic patches. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound and extracorporeal shockwave treatment may affect tendon-to-bone healing by means of mechanical forces that stimulate biological cascades at the insertion site. Application of various loading methods and immobilization times influences the stress forces acting on the recently repaired tendon-to-bone attachment, which eventually may change the biological dynamics of the interface. Other approaches such as the use of coated sutures and interference screws aim to deliver biological factors while achieving mechanical stability by means of various fixators.

    Figure Description
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04/22/2014
New York - Columbia University Medical Ctr/Dept of Ortho.Surg
12/31/2013
SC - Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Medical Univerity of South Carlonina
04/02/2014
LA - Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center-Shreveport
02/05/2014
OR - The Center - Orthopedic and Neurosurgical Care and Research
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