Recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) applied on an absorbable collagen sponge improves open tibial fracture-healing as an a... [more]
Patient disposition. aTwo patients in the SOC group were mistakenly classified as “randomized but not treated,” but actually were treated by standard of care. These patients were included in the safety population. SOC = standard of care, BMP = bone morphogenetic protein, and CPM = calcium phosphate matrix.
Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT) flow diagram. RKA = ropivacaine, ketorolac, adrenaline.
Flowchart showing the enrollment and randomization of patients, denoting the intention-to-treat population. BST-CarGel treatment includes microfracture.
Anteroposterior pelvic radiograph with right hip crossover sign (drawn) and focal cranial retroversion.
Flow diagram depicting the stages of the double free muscle transfer (FMT) procedure. The numbers in parentheses indicate how many patients underwent each particular procedure. SSN = suprascapular nerve, PN = phrenic nerve, PD = posterior division of upper trunk, ICN = intercostal nerve, PIP = proximal interphalangeal nerve, and DIP = distal interphalangeal nerve.
The percentage of total survey respondents reporting at least one occupational injury according to age.
Model transitions and health states after total joint arthroplasty (TJA). PE = pulmonary embolism, PPS = postphlebitic syndrome, VTE = venous thromboembolism, and DVT = deep vein thrombosis.
Patient disposition flowchart. A total of 434 patients were randomized. Twenty patients who were randomized were intraoperative screening failures (e.g., it was discovered intraoperatively that the patient required another fusion procedure) or were otherwise not managed. These failures resulted in 414 patients being randomized and managed in the study; this population of patients is noted as the safety (all treated) population. Another seventeen patients were excluded following treatment because of major protocol violations (e.g., use of a bone stimulator), yielding the treated per protocol population (n = 397).
CT scan showing a Grade-I stress fracture. A twenty-one-year-old female distance runner has bone scan for contralateral shin pain with this femoral shaft finding and no hip or thigh pain. The scan reveals a femoral shaft stress fracture that is asymptomatic.
PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses) diagram showing the article selection methodology.
A table showing patient demographic characteristics
A table showing inclusion and exclusion criteria