Self-Assessed Outcome at Two to Four Years After Shoulder Hemiarthroplasty with Concentric Glenoid Reaming
Joseph R. Lynch, MD; Amy K. Franta, MD; William H. Montgomery Jr, MD, MPH; Tim R. Lenters, MD; Doug Mounce ; Frederick A. Matsen III, MD

Abstract

Background: Active and young individuals with glenohumeral arthritis who are treated with total glenohumeral arthroplasty are at risk for loosening or wear of the prosthetic glenoid component. This study tests the hypothesis that patients with severe glenohumeral arthritis have improvement in self-assessed shoulder comfort and function at two to four years after treatment with the combination of humeral hemiarthroplasty and concentric glenoid reaming without tissue or prosthetic component interposition.

Methods: Thirty-seven consecutive patients (thirty-eight shoulders), with a mean age of fifty-seven years, who were managed by one surgeon were enrolled in this prospective study. The procedure consisted of an uncemented humeral hemiarthroplasty combined with reaming of the glenoid to a diameter 2 mm larger than that of the prosthetic humeral head. The duration of follow-up ranged from two to four years (average, 2.7 years) for thirty-five shoulders. Self-assessed comfort and function was documented with use of the Simple Shoulder Test, and radiographs were evaluated.

Results: Thirty-two shoulders demonstrated improved comfort and function according to patient self-assessment, one demonstrated no change, and two had worse function following the procedure. The total number of Simple Shoulder Test functions that could be performed increased from 4.7 (of a possible 12.0) before surgery to 9.4 at the time of the final follow-up. The patients demonstrated significant improvement in ten of the twelve individual functions of the Simple Shoulder Test (p < 0.022 to p < 0.00001). With the numbers studied, gender, diagnosis, age, glenoid wear, and preoperative glenoid erosion did not significantly affect final shoulder function or overall improvement. The range of motion was significantly improved for all individuals (p < 0.00001). Radiographically, twenty-two patients had a joint space between the glenoid bone and the humeral prosthesis at the time of final follow-up. These shoulders had significantly better function than those without a preserved joint space (p < 0.017). There were no surgical complications and no revisions to total shoulder arthroplasty.

Conclusions: At a minimum follow-up of two years, a selected series of patients who had humeral hemiarthroplasty with concentric glenoid reaming for the treatment of glenohumeral arthritis showed significant improvement in self-assessed shoulder comfort and function. Further study, however, is needed before routine application of this procedure can be recommended.

Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level IV. See Instructions to Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.

Footnotes

  • Disclosure: The authors did not receive any outside funding or grants in support of their research for or preparation of this work. One or more of the authors, or a member of his or her immediate family, received, in any one year, payments or other benefits in excess of $10,000 or a commitment or agreement to provide such benefits from a commercial entity (DePuy endowed chair). No commercial entity paid or directed, or agreed to pay or direct, any benefits to any research fund, foundation, division, center, clinical practice, or other charitable or nonprofit organization with which the authors, or a member of their immediate families, are affiliated or associated.

  • Investigation performed at the Department of Orthopaedics and Sports Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington


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