Ignacio Ponseti Vives was born on the island of Minorca on June 3, 1914. He was admitted to the University of Barcelona on a scholarship. There he acquired a strong focus on biology, which led to his many contributions to the pathology of skeletal growth disorders and to the understanding of the pathobiology and mechanics of clubfoot deformity.
His passion for music, art, and nature developed as a student in Barcelona, where he met many great personalities destined to bring about a major revolution in the arts throughout the world. Pablo Casals and other prominent musicians gave concerts. Picasso and Miró were among the many painters and sculptors exhibiting their works in Barcelona. Authors such as Garcia Lorca presented their works to enthusiastic audiences, and among them was Ignacio Ponseti, the university student. During his time as a student, his love of nature and the mountains also developed through his weekend hikes in the Pyrenees as a member of the Catalonia Hiking Club.
He finished his final examinations one day before the Spanish Civil War began, July 17, 1936. Within days he was at the front in Aragón, treating war wounds based on the tenets of Nebraska orthopaedic surgeon H. Winnet Orr, which were modified by Joseph Trueta, a fellow Catalan, during this conflict. As the war ended, he helped evacuate wounded Loyalist Army soldiers across the Pyrenees into France. Mexican President Cárdenas offered the thousands of …
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